Lincoln Did NOT Free All Slaves

It is a misunderstanding of what the Emancipation Proclamation did to say that it freed all the slaves. It did NOT. The 13th Amendment did that.

The Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in Union-occupied territory. That’s all. Nothing more.


3 thoughts on “Lincoln Did NOT Free All Slaves

  1. I hate to be a stickler, but my understanding is that it did the opposite.

    The Proclamation only freed slaves in the areas of the South that were still in rebellion. So, at first it freed only slaves already behind Union lines. But it also took effect as the Union armies advanced into the Confederacy.

    Lincoln didn’t believe he had the Consititutional authority to proclaim an end to slavery during peacetime, but he believed that the Emanicpation Proclamation was valid as an act of war. And, in fact, it also allowed blacks to join the U.S. Militia, resulting in some 200,000 additional Union troops that contributed to the defeat of the Confederacy.

    However, you are correct that the 13th Amendment was the legal act that actually outlawed slavery in the U.S.

  2. Jim is correct, it freed slaves in the rebellious states (which freedom only came as the Union troops came in).
    Of course this is where the vast majority of the slaves (in the USA) were.

  3. I don’t think we’re really that far apart. I contend that the EP only had force when the Union Army came through and occupied a territory, which is why slavery continued in Texas.

    Also, I grew up in Missouri and know that the EP did not free slaves in Missouri. Slavery ended in Missouri in 1865, before the 13th Amendment was passed, but still in 1865.

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